Matrix Plan is like a pyramid structure aligned in a fixed number of width(row) and depth(column) that restricts the number of distributors you can sponsor on your first level. Matrix plan is represented by the formula “depth * width”. Matrix is also known compensation plan, in this plan the amount of people each person can have in their first level is limited.
If we consider example, a 3*3 group means three people on your first level and paying three levels deep. In which Each distributor can only sponsor a certain number of frontline distributors. Any additional distributors must be placed only down in their organization and under another distributor.